Shape charts displays data as value or percentages of a whole. They are typically used to show proportional comparisons between different values in a set. We call shape charts the pie/doughnut and pyramid/funnel 2D/3D charts.
Each new series will usually pick up automatically the next color from an internal palette. Or the next pattern, if hash styles are passed to the series. Or next marker image, for image-based scatter points.
We sometimes use the generic term of bar charts to refer to charts with either vertical columns or horizontal bars. They are single or multi-series, with multiple series grouped or stacked. Use the 3DBars search keyword to locate all chart templates referenced here.
We call shapes the pies, doughnuts, pyramids and funnels in 2D and 3D charts. Doughnuts (or donuts) are pies with a whole in the center. Funnels look like upside down pyramids, but they usually serve a different purpose.